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October is National Bullying Prevention Month

The overall outlook of the long term effects of 

bullying upon society is grim:

60% of middle school students say that they have been bullied, while 16% of staff believes that students are bullied.

160,000 students stay home from school every day due to bullying. (NEA)

30% of students who reported they had been bullied said they had at times brought weapons to school.

A bully is 6 times more likely to be incarcerated by the age of 24.

A bully is 5 times more likely to have a serious criminal record when he grows up.

2/3 of students who are targets become bullies.

20% of all children say they have been bullied.

20% of high school students say they have seriously considered suicide within the last 12 months.

25% of students say that teachers intervened in bullying incidents while 71% of teachers say they intervened.

The average child has watched 8,000 televised murders and 100,000 acts of violence before finishing elementary school.

In schools where there are anti-bullying programs, bullying is reduced by 50%.

Bullying was a factor in 2/3 of the 37 school shootings reviewed by the US Secret Service.

According to the National Institute of Occupational Safety Health (NIOSH) (Sauter, et al.,1990), there is a loss of employment amounting to $19 billion and a drop in productivity of $3 billion due to workplace bullying.

Law enforcement costs related to bullying are enormous.  Since 1999, the Office on Violence against Women (OVW) has spent $98 million in assistance to address campus sexual violence.


 October is Medicine Abuse Awareness Month


Painkillers or Opioids: Prescribed to treat pain

Include: Hydrocodone (Vicodin), oxycodone (OxyContin, Percocet), propoxyphene (Darvon), hydromorphone (Dilaudid), meperidine (Demerol), and diphenoxylate (Lomotil), morphine (Kadian, Avinza) and fentanyl.

Also known as: Captain Cody, Cody, sizzurp, lean, syrup, schoolboy, doors & fours, loads, oxy, oxycotton, oxycet, hillbilly heroin, percs

Effects on the brain and body: Drowsiness, nausea, constipation and depressed respiration. Can induce euphoria by affecting the pleasure center of the brain. This feeling is often intensified for those who abuse opioids when administered by routes other than those recommended. For example, OxyContin often is snorted or injected to enhance its effects, while at the same time increasing the risk for serious medical consequences, such as opioid addiction and overdose.

Long-term effects: Can be highly addictive when used for nonmedical purposes. Even patients who are prescribed painkillers for a long time can develop a physical dependence. Stopping the drug abruptly can cause severe withdrawal symptoms.

Signs of overdose: Breathing problems, breathing may stop, Extreme sleepiness or loss of alertness, Small pupils.

Depressants: Prescribed to treat anxiety/acute stress and sleep disorders

Include: Barbiturates to promote sleep; benzodiazepines (Valium and Xanax) to relieve anxiety; and non-benzodiazepinics (Ambien and Lunesta) to treat sleep disorders

Also known as: Downs, barbs, benzos, reds, red birds, phennies, tooies, yellows, yellow jackets, candy, sleeping pills, tranks, xanies.

Effects on the brain and the body: Although the different classes of depressants work in unique ways, they produce a drowsy or calming effect beneficial to those suffering from anxiety or sleep disorders.

Long-term effects: Depressants are highly addictive, and when chronic users or abusers stop taking them, they can experience severe withdrawal symptoms, including anxiety, insomnia and muscle tremors. Going cold turkey off of some depressants can have life-threatening consequences, like seizures, convulsions and, in rare instances, death.

Signs of overdose: Sleepiness, slowed or slurred speech, difficulty walking or standing, blurred vision, impaired ability to think, disorientation and mood changes. Symptoms can also include slowed breathing, very low blood pressure, stupor, coma, shock and death.

Stimulants: Treat asthma and other respiratory problems, obesity, neurological disorders and other ailments. Also prescribed for the treatment of narcolepsy (a sleep disorder), ADHD and depression that have not responded to other treatments

Include: Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine and Adderall) and methylphenidate (Ritalin and Concerta).

Also known as: Uppers, bennies, black beauties, crosses, hearts, truck drivers, JIF, MPH, R-ball, Skippy, the smart drug, vitamin R.

Effects on the brain and body: Affect the brain through a slow and steady release of dopamine and norepinephrine. Prescription stimulants can help regulate and normalize the dopamine and norepinephrine function in the brain, so a patient with this condition can focus better and pay more attention. Stimulants also increase blood pressure and heart rate, constrict blood vessels, increase blood glucose and open up breathing passages.

Long-term effects: Stimulants can be addictive. The more you take, the easier it is to get hooked. When stimulants are taken over a long period, stimulant abusers run the risk of developing suicidal or homicidal tendencies, paranoia and cardiovascular collapse.

Signs of overdose: Excessive vomiting, tremors, sweating and anxiety. When taken at high doses, with alcohol or with over-the-counter (OTC) medicines, stimulants can cause irregular heartbeat, dangerously high body temperatures and the potential for seizures or heart failure.

ABUSE-DETERRENT MEDICATIONS: Pharmaceutical companies are stepping up to the challenge of creating medications that are tamper-free, a formulation process that does not allow medications to be crushed, chewed, snorted or injected. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has recently released abuse-deterrent formulation recommendations that drug companies can use as general production guidelines. It is important that coalitions understand this new development, so they can support the creation and commitment to such strategies.  


Red Ribbon Week October 23-31

Open the History of Red Ribbon Week Video! 


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